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Articles by Graham Oliver
Rockingham Oriental Mother and Child find at the Denaby Pottery
In 2001, before the construction of a new bridge that would destroy the site of the Denaby Pottery, I was fortunate to be involved with a archaeoligical investigation undertaken by the University of Manchester.
The Denaby Pottery was founded about 1864 close to the southern bank of the river Don and like the Rock Pottery at Mexborough it was built on the site of a old quarry.
The pottery closed in about 1879, when the founder of the pottery and one of the partners, JOHN WARDLE, moved to Middlesborough. The buildings were subsequently converted to a bone mill.
Details of the archaeoligical excavations are contained in ''Rediscovering Denaby Pottery" a report by Dr Richard A Gregory University of Manchester, February 2002.
Amongst the many shards found were pieces from the transfer printed jugs and flatware commemorating the Sheffield Flood as discussed and illustrated in the NCS Newsletter 133\ Numerous biscuit and glazed earthenware shards were found bearing the Bramelds transfer print know as ORIENTAL MOTHER AND CHILD. This pattern has been found on Rockingham porcelain teawares dating c.1830-1835, and an example shown on a saucer with the puce griffin mark.
(Figure 1) As far as the writer knows, this pattern was not used on earthenware manufactured at Rockingham. The shards recovered from site at Denaby with this pattern include part of a cup in biscuit, and is illustrated in Figure 2.
This evidence shows that a Rockingham print was being used at Denaby at least 22 years after the Rockingham works closed down.
As numerous shards were found, this suggests that this pattern was made in reasonable quantities.
A small earthenware cylindrical vase of a known Rockingham shape, and bearing this print, has recently come to my attention. (Figure 3) This appears to have been made from an old Rockingham mould and could possibly have been made at Denaby.
This raises the possibility of a third party, such as a former Rockingham workman, or more likely another pottery, holding printing plates and moulds for the period between Rockingham closing and Denaby opening.
The possible candidates being the Rock Pottery, known to have moulds and copper plates from the Rockingham sale in 1842, or the TWIGGS at Kilnhurst ....but I am not aware of pots with this print that date from this period.
The excavation turned up a few surprises that I hope to give details of in the future.
|Last updated: January 1 2007|